The objective of this investigation is to find out how a combination of different loading densities and different head space influences vehicle ventilation as well as behavior and thermoregulation of transported animals. All transports during the project are classified as “long transports” and have been conducted under commercial conditions. These are transports of pregnant heifers from northern Germany to harbors in the Mediterranean area.
The common animal transporters have been equipped with sensors for air temperature, relative humidity and air velocity (inside and outside). Common loading practice is compared to fewer animals per vehicle and loading with more headspace.
Parameters analyzed are climate inside the vehicle, frequency of injuries, behavior of the animals and climatic burden via continuous body temperature monitoring and blood indicators.