For many centuries, peatlands where drained to make the land accessible for human development. Recent research however indicates that in addition to being critical habitats for a large variety of highly specialized animal and plant species, these unique ecosystems are capable of storing immense amounts of CO2. Today, peatlands are considered key allies to mitigate climate change hence efforts to rewet former peatlands have gained political traction. Nevertheless, little is known about their specific mosquito fauna. Many mosquito species can transmit pathogens like viruses and parasites. Furthermore, international trade and travel have facilitated the distribution of invasive mosquito species. The rewetting of peatlands combined with the influence of climate change on the spatial and temporal distribution of mosquitoes and mosquito-borne pathogens may present a health risk to the vicinity of these wetlands.