Tasks of geographic information systems in animal control
GIS are mainly used for outbreaks of notifiable animal diseases. They support the veterinary officer in defining restriction areas, assessing the number of animal holdings and animals and planning control measures. GIS makes routine tasks easier, e.g. by enabling the establishment of sampling plans or herd statistics for a specified area.
Geographic analytical methods help to investigate the spatial and temporal spread of animal diseases and to describe the risks. The results of such studies can be used as basis for spatial simulation models which describe the spatial spread of the disease.
For some animal diseases, the environment plays a significant role in the development of spatial distribution patterns of the disease. Microclimate and habitat can enable or even exclude the occurrence of a disease. Investigations based on high-resolution geographic data, such as aerial or satellite images help to detect and understand the spatial distribution.