AI is the ability of a machine to display human-like capabilities such as reasoning, learning, planning and creativity. AI enables technical systems to perceive their environment, deal with what they perceive, solve problems and act to achieve a specific goal. The computer receives data - already prepared or gathered through its own sensors such as a camera - processes it and responds. AI systems are capable of adapting their behaviour to a certain degree by analysing the effects of previous actions and working autonomously. (What is artificial intelligence and how is it used? | News | European Parliament (europa.eu))
Various new and further developed technologies make it possible to produce very large amounts of data (e.g. image and video material, sequence data). The evaluation of such large amounts of data is a challenge for which AI methods can be used, especially the application of machine learning methods. Machine learning is a subarea of AI. It uses algorithms that learn from data and are thus able to recognise patterns and regularities.